750份问卷+500份踩盘数据,揭露实体商业生存焦虑


来源:中国产业经济股票配资 网   时间:2020-05-27





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五家渠炒股配资  XIAOFEISHIZHONGGUOJINGJIDIYILADONGLI,ZHEIYIXIANXIANGYICHIXU6NIAN。2020NIANSHIDI7GENIANTOU。


  GENJUYINGSHANGDASHUJUTONGJI,1998NIANZHIJIN,ZHONGGUOXINGCHENGDESHANGYEWUYEMIANJIYUE14YIPINGFANGMI,QIZHONGQUANGUOGOUWUZHONGXINSHULIANG(JIANZHUMIANJI3WANPINGFANGMIYISHANG)YUEWEI4800JIA,ZONGGUIMOYUE4.74YIPINGFANGMI。ZHEIXIECUNLIANGWUYEJISHICHENGSHIJINGYINGDEZHONGYAOZICHAN,GENGSHIXIAOFEIKUORONG、KUODANEIXUDEZHONGYAOQUDAO。


五家渠炒股配资  2020NIANCHU,TURUQILAIDEXINGUANFEIYANYIQING,DUIJINGJISHEHUIHUODONGANXIA“ZANTINGJIAN”。YIQINGYANZHONGYINGXIANGLEXIANXIASHITISHANGYEDEZHENGCHANGYUNYING,LINGXIANGMUFANG、PINPAISHANGDOUXIANRUQIANSUOWEIYUDEJIANNANSHIKE。RANERSHANGYEDEBENZHIYOUTIXINGWOMEN——ZHIYAODILIWEIZHIHAIZAI,ZHIYAOCHIXUFANRONGDE、LIUDONGDERENKOUHAIZAI,NEIMESHITISHANGYEJIUHUIZAIJIANRENZHONGBUDUANJINJIE。


五家渠炒股配资  GOUWUZHONGXINHELIANSUOPINPAISHISHITISHANGYEDEZHUTILILIANG,NENGZUIDACHENGDUSHANGFANYINGSHITISHANGYEDEJINGYINGXIANZHUANG。WEILERUSHIFANKUIBENCIYIQINGDUISHITISHANGYEZAOCHENGDEYINGXIANG,YINGSHANGWANGYUQIXIAZHONGCHENGSHANGYEYANJIUYUANYAOQINGQUANGUOZHUYAOCHENGSHIZHONG,JUYOUDAIBIAOXINGDEGOUWUZHONGXIN、LIANSUOPINPAIJINGYINGZHE,FAQILEGUANYUYIQINGQIJIANSHITISHANGYEJINGYINGXINXINDESHICHANGDIAOYAN,BINGTONGQIJINXINGSHIDICAIPAN。JIEZHI5YUE10RI,WOMENGONGSHOUHUIYOUXIAOWENJUAN750FEN,DIANXINGGOUWUZHONGXINCAIPANSHUJU500FEN,JINGYANJIUFAXIAN,JINGGUO6NIANDEGAOSUFAZHAN,SHITISHANGYEZISHENJILEILEXUDUOWENTI,TONGSHIYIQINGDECHUXIAN,JIAJULEXINGYEXIAXINGDESUDU。MUQIAN,YANGBENZHONGSHITISHANGYEDEDUOXIANGYUNYINGZHIBIAOYIDIELUOZHIJINGJIEXIANFUJIN。WEILAIZHONGGUOSHITISHANGYEJIANGXIANGHECHUZOU?


  1


  购物中心处境艰难


  经营损失惨重


  JUYINGSHANGDASHUJUTONGJI,2013-2019NIANQUANGUOXINKAIYEGOUWUZHONGXINPINGJUNZENGSUDA10%。JIEZHI2019NIANDI,QUANGUOGOUWUZHONGXINZONGGUIMODA4.74YIPINGFANGMI。


  QIZHONG,YIXIANCHENGSHIGOUWUZHONGXINBURUCHENGSHUQI,JIJIANGYINGLAIXIAYIJIEDUANGEXINHUOSHUAITUIDEFENHUA;ERXIANCHENGSHIGOUWUZHONGXINSUIZHECHENGSHIHUAHONGLIZHUJIANXIAOSHI,ZIBENRUJU,SHOUBINGGOUGUIMOKUAISUSHANGSHENG,JINGZHENGJIAJU。JINMINGLIANGNIAN,QUANGUOJIHUAKAIYEGOUWUZHONGXINSHULIANG1973JIA、TILIANGYUE17948WANPINGFANGMI(WANGNIANSHIJIKAIYELVWEI60%,JISHIJIKAICHUXIANGMU/JIHUAKAICHUXIANGMU)。CUNLIANGHAIWEIXIAOHUA,ZENGLIANGCHIXURUSHI,ZHONGGUOGOUWUZHONGXINXINGYESHENGCUNJIAOLVYUFAZHENSHI。


  RANERYIQINGGENGRANGGOUWUZHONGXIN“XUESHANGJIASHUANG”:DAIKAIYEXIANGMUQUANMIANYANCHIKAIYE,PINGJUNYANCHISHIZHANG9GEYUE;YIKAIYEGOUWUZHONGXINKELIUJIANSHAO、DIAOPULVHETUIZULVDAFUTIGAO,ZHEIDOUJIGOUWUZHONGXINZAOCHENGCANZHONGDEZUJINSUNSHI。


  空置率超警戒线,全年租金损失达20%


五家渠炒股配资  XINGYEGONGRENDEKONGPULVJINGJIEXIANWEI20%,YIQINGQIJIAN,QUANGUODIANXINGGOUWUZHONGXINPINGJUNKONGZHILV(KONGPUMIANJI/ZONGPUWEIMIANJI)WEI21.10%,CHAOGUOJINGJIEXIAN。


  2020NIANPINGJUNKONGZHILVTONGBI2019NIANXIABANNIANSHANGSHENG5.4GEBAIFENDIAN,BINGQIEJIEZHICAIPANDIAOYANRI,GOUWUZHONGXINZHENGTISHANGYOU30%DEPUWEIWEIYINGYE,YINCIKEYIYUJIANXIABANNIANQUANGUOGOUWUZHONGXINZONGTIKONGZHILVHAIHUIJIXUPANSHENG,DUIGOUWUZHONGXINDEZUJINSUNSHIYUE10%。ERYINWEIZAI2020NIAN1YUEFEN,QUANGUOFANWEINEIGOUWUZHONGXINJIYUPINPAISHANG2ZHOU-2GEYUEBUDENGDEMIANZUQIGONGKESHIJIAN,ZHENGTIPINGJUNZUJINSUNSHI10%。YINCIKEYIYUJI,QUANNIANZUJINSUNSHIDADAO20%,SHENZHIGENGDUO。


20200527141655538.png

  

SHUJULAIYUAN:YINGSHANGDASHUJU


  BAOGAOZHIZUO:ZHONGCHENGSHANGYEYANJIUYUAN


  SHUJUTONGJIFANWEI:QUANGUOGEXIANJICHENGSHI500GEDIANXINGGOUWUZHONGXINCAIPANYANGBEN


五家渠炒股配资  TONGJISHIJIANDUAN:2019NIAN12YUEVS2020NIAN5YUE10RI


  华中、东北营业比例最低,处境艰难


  CONGQUYUKAIYEYINGYEQINGKUANGLAIKAN,ERJIDUQINGKUANGMINGXIANHAOZHUAN。QIZHONG,HUANANDIQUYANGBENGOUWUZHONGXINHUIFUQINGKUANGXIANGJIAOLIANGHAO,DANHUAZHONG、DONGBEIDIQUYANGBENGOUWUZHONGXINCHUJINGRENGRANJIANNAN。


20200527141730554.png


  SHUJULAIYUAN:YINGSHANGDASHUJU


五家渠炒股配资  BAOGAOZHIZUO:ZHONGCHENGSHANGYEYANJIUYUAN


  ZUOWEIQUANGUOYIQING“ZHONGZAIQU”DEWUHAN,“JIEFENG”HOUQIKELIUWENBUZENGZHANG。4YUE,SUIZHEJINGYINGSHIJIAN、GEYETAIMENDIANZHUBUHUIFUYINGYE,YIJIYIXILIEJIJIDESHICHANGDONGZUO:RUHUAXIAXINGFUWUHANZHANGJIANGZHONGXINXIANGMUZHENGSHIDONGGONG;RONGCHUANGZHONGGUOQIANYUEWUHANHUANGPOZHANGJIANGWENLVCHENGXIANGMU;YONGWANGGOUWUZHONGXINQIANDINGYIXIANGLUOHUHONGSHANQU;WOERMA、HEMA、CHAYANYUESEDENGPINPAISHANGJIJIJINZHU,WUHANSHANGYEJIANGYINGLAIGENGDADEHUINUANKONGJIAN。


  客流仅恢复至疫前66%,一线城市复苏慢


五家渠炒股配资  CONG4YUEKELIUQINGKUANGKAN,QUANGUOYIERSANSIXIANCHENGSHIGOUWUZHONGXINDEKELIUHUIFUYUE66%,DANSHOUYIQINGQIJIANGUKECHANGNEITINGLIUSHIZHANGSUODUANJIXIAOFEIPINCIJIANGDIYINGXIANG,XIAOFEIZENGZHANGJINHUIFUDAOYIQIAN50%ZUOYOU。


  YINYIQINGFUSHEFANWEIGENGDA、GUANKONGCUOSHIGENGYAN、MINZHONGANQUANYISHIGENGQIANGDENGYUANYIN,YIXIANCHENGSHIDEGOUWUZHONGXINKELIUHUIFUXIANGDUIJIAOMAN,JINHUIFUZHIYIQIANPINGJUNSHUIPINGDE58.6%(YIQIANKELIUSHUIPINGYI2019NIAN11-12YUEPINGJUNRIJUNKELIUWEIJIZHUN),JUQUANMIANFUSUSHANGXUSHIRI。


  市级商圈/高档/大体量项目,受影响程度大


  SUIZHEYIQINGFANGKONGCHANGTAIHUA,XIAOFEIBANJINGJIANGJINYIBUSUODUAN,XIAOFEIXUQIUYEJIANGPIANXIANGGANGXU,SHIJISHANGQUANGOUWUZHONGXINZHENGTIHUIFUQINGKUANGBUJIQUYUSHANGQUAN;“BAOFUXINGXIAOFEI”MEIYOURUQIERZHI,SHECHIPINXIAOFEICHIXUYULENG,GAODANG/ZHONGGAODANGGOUWUZHONGXINJIAOZHONGDANG/DAZHONGHUAGOUWUZHONGXINSHOUYIQINGYINGXIANGGENGDA;DAXINGGOUWUZHONGXINTIYANYETAIFENGFU,DIANYINGYUAN、KTV、ERTONGYOULEYUANDENGYINLIUYETAISHANGWEIKAIYEDAOZHISHANGCHANGKEQUNLIUSHIYANZHONG,QIEDANGXIAXIAOFEIZHEXIANXIAXIAOFEIMUDEMINGQUE,“MANGUANG”YIYUANJIANGDI,SHIDATILIANGGOUWUZHONGXINBIXIAOTILIANGGOUWUZHONGXINYINGXIANGDA。


20200527141752510.png


  SHUJUTONGJIFANWEI:DIANXINGYIERXIANCHENGSHIGOUWUZHONGXIN(SHANGYEMIANJI≥3WAN㎡)


  SHUJULAIYUAN:YINGSHANGDASHUJU


  BAOGAOZHIZUO:ZHONGCHENGSHANGYEYANJIUYUAN


  待开业项目几乎全部延期,平均延迟开业9个月


  YIQINGQIANGOUWUZHONGXINPINGJUNKAIYELVYUEWEI60%(SHIJIKAICHUXIANGMU/JIHUAKAICHUXIANGMU),PINGJUNYANCHI6GEYUE。YINYIQINGYINGXIANG,GOUWUZHONGXINZHAOSHANGLVYANZHONGBUZU,JIHUSUOYOUWEIKAIYEDESHITISHANGYEDOUMIANLINYANCHIKAIYEQINGKUANG,ERKAIYELVYUJIHUIJIANGZHI40%YIXIA,PINGJUNDUOYANCHI3GEYUE,ZAOCHENGDEZHIJIEJINGJISUNSHISHIJIANSHAOLE3GEYUEZUJINSHOUYI。


  74.9%的购物中心,停止配资开户 或裁员降薪


  MIANLINJUDAJINGYINGYALI,DIAOYANXIANSHI,4YUEFEN,GOUWUZHONGXINZAIRENLIFANGMIANTINGZHI配资开户 HUOCAIYUANJIANGXINDEBIZHONGGAODA74.9%。QIZHONG,DONGBEI、HUAZHONG、HUADONGDIQUCAIYUANDEBILIKAOQIAN,FENBIEDA2CHENGHUOJIEJIN2CHENG。


  样本购物中心人力计划调整


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五家渠炒股配资  SHUJULAIYUAN:YINGSHANGDASHUJU


  BAOGAOZHIZUO:ZHONGCHENGSHANGYEYANJIUYUAN


  线上渠道效果未有效发挥,数字化能力待强化


五家渠炒股配资  DIAOYANXIANSHI,YIQINGQIJIAN,YANGBENGOUWUZHONGXINWUXIANSHANGQUDAODEBILICHAOGUO3CHENG,ERXIANSHANGXIANXIAXIAOSHOUBI1:9DEBILIJIEJIN4CHENG。CIWAI,JIBIANYONGYOUXIANSHANGQUDAO,JINBUDAO5CHENGDEGOUWUZHONGXINXIANSHANGXIAOSHOUEYOUSUOZENGJIA。YIQINGQIJIAN,JUEDADUOSHUGOUWUZHONGXINXIANSHANGZIJIUXIAOGUOBUJIA,XIANSHANGQUDAOWEINENGYOUXIAOFAHUI,QISHUZIHUASHUIPINGYUANDIYUPINPAISHANG。


20200527141834558.png


  SHUJULAIYUAN:YINGSHANGDASHUJU


五家渠炒股配资  BAOGAOZHIZUO:ZHONGCHENGSHANGYEYANJIUYUAN


  XIANXIAKELIUSHOUYIQINGCHONGJIYIJUEBUZHEN,FAZHANXIANSHANGQUDAOCHENGWEIGOUWUZHONGXINZIJIUDEZHONGYAOJUCUO。ZAIYIQINGQIJIAN,BUFENGOUWUZHONGXINTUICHUWEIXINPENGYOUQUAN、“YUNGUANGJIE”、ZHIBOGOUWU、360°VRGOUDENGGOUWUXINMOSHI,KUODAXIAOSHOUQUDAO,DANJUEDADUOSHUGOUWUZHONGXINDEXIANSHANGZIJIUXIAOGUOBUJIA。


  2


  品牌商经营复苏尚需半年


  现金流断裂风险高


  GOUWUZHONGXINGAOSUFAZHANLIUNIAN,XINGYEJINRUYUNYINGDIAOZHENGQI。2019NIAN,SHANGHAIYOU50%DEGOUWUZHONGXINYINIANDIAOZHENGSHANGBAIJIAPINPAI;BEIJINGYOU75%DEGOUWUZHONGXINDIAOZHENG50JIAYISHANGPINPAI。SUIZHEYIQINGCHONGJI,PINPAISHANGMIANLINZHUDONGDIAOZHENGHEBEIDONGDIAOZHENGDESHUANGXIANGKAOYAN。CHUANTONGKAI、GUANDIANPANDUANJUECEYIJUSHIXIAO,WEIBAOZHENGJINGZHUNGAOXIAOKAIHAODIANGUANRUODIAN,JIXUJIANLIDONGTAIKEXUEDEXUANZHIMOXING。


  复苏需要5.5个月,但中小品牌商现金流只能撑3个月


  DIAOYANFENXIDECHU,ZAIKAOLVJINGYINGYUQIDETIAOJIANXIA55.6%DEPINPAISHANGPINGJUNFUSUZHOUQIZAI5.5GEYUEYISHANG。DANJIUMUQIANLAIKAN,ZHONGXIAOLINGSHOUPINPAISHANGDEXIANJINLIUZHIGOUCHENG3-6GEYUE(SHENZHI2-3GEYUE),ERDAXINGPINPAISHANGYEZHISHIXIANJINLIUJIAOHAO,DANSHIJIYEJISHOUSUNQINGKUANGYIRANYANZHONG。


  66%品牌商关店和减缓开店,体验/餐饮业态损失最大


  ZAIXIANJINLIUJINZHANGDEQINGKUANGXIA,YOU66%PINPAISHANGYIQINGQIJIANJIANHUANTUOZHANBUFA、GUANDIAOKUISUNDIAN,GUANDIANCHAOJIANGCHIXUJINXING。YIQINGDUICANYINYETAIDECHONGJIZHONGDA,BUFENCANYINPINPAIGUANDIAO75%DEMENDIAN。


20200527141905538.png


  SHUJULAIYUAN:YINGSHANGDASHUJU


  BAOGAOZHIZUO:ZHONGCHENGSHANGYEYANJIUYUAN


  YIQINGDUICANYINYETAIHETIYANYETAIDECHONGJIZHONGDA,BUFENCANYINPINPAIGUANDIAO75%DEMENDIAN,DANXIANGHAODESHIMUQIANCANYINYIJINGDABUFENHUIFUYINGYE。DANZAI4YUEFENSHANGYOUBUFENYETAIWUFAKAIYE(JIBIANKAIYE,YEJIHULINGKELIU),BAOKUOYINGYUAN、KTV、DIANWAN、JIANSHENFANG、JIAOYUPEIXUN、ZHANLANDENGTIYAN/XIUXIANYETAI,YIJIERTONGYOULE、ZAOJIAODENGBUFENERTONGQINZIYETAI。


  对经营预期无信心,85.7%品牌商停止配资开户 或裁员降薪


  DIAOYANXIANSHI,RENWEIXIAOFEIYIYUANBUHUIMINGXIANTISHENGDEZHANBIDADAO9CHENGYISHANG。BINGQIERENWEIYINGYEEYUQI、RIJUNKELIULIANGYUQI、KUCUNXIANJINYUQI、CHENGZUYIYUANYUQICHENGXIAJIANGZOUSHIDEPINPAISHANGPINGJUNZHANBIRENGRANGAODA73.68%。SHOUCIYINGXIANGGAODA85.7%DEPINPAISHANGCAIQUTINGZHI配资开户 HUOCAIYUANJIANGXINDEZUOFA。


  品牌商数字化程度较高,但线上线下结合效果不佳


  XIAOFEISHICHANGDESHUZIHUA,GENBENSHANGWEIPINPAISHANGDESHUZIHUATIGONGLEYOULIANGTURANG。DIAOYANXIANSHI,SUIRANWUXIANSHANGQUDAODELIANSUOPINPAISHANGZHANBIBUDAO2CHENG,DANCONGZHENGTILAIKAN,XIANSHANGXIANXIAJIEHEDEXIAOGUOBUJIA。


20200527141926822.png


  SHUJULAIYUAN:YINGSHANGDASHUJU


  BAOGAOZHIZUO:ZHONGCHENGSHANGYEYANJIUYUAN


  3


  结论:扩大减税范围


  并加快政府及实体商业数字化步伐


  SUIZHEYIQINGFANGKONGCHANGTAIHUA,QIDUISHITISHANGYEDEYINGXIANGHAIJIANGCHIXUHENZHANGSHIJIAN。MUQIAN,GOUWUZHONGXINZISHENYUNYINGKUNNANZHONGZHONG,ERGOUWUZHONGXINYUPINPAISHANGYINZUJINHEKELIUWENTIYINFADEMAODUNZAIBUDUANSHENGJI,LINGWAIGOUWUZHONGXINZHIJIANDEJINGZHENGYEZAICHIXUJIAJU。YINCI JIANYIGUOJIATUICHUGENGDALIDUDEZHICHIZHENGCE,TEBIESHICAISHUIJINRONGYUCUJINSHANGYEDENGXIANGGUANCUOSHI,TONGSHIZHICHISHITISHANGYEYEWUSHUZIHUAZHUANXING,YISHIXIANZENGJIAKELIU、TIGAOKEHUZHANXING、CUJINKEDANZHUANHUADEMUDE。JUTIJIANYIRUXIA:


  建议政府部门及协会,加强实体商业的监测和预警


五家渠炒股配资  YIQINGQIJIANSHITISHANGYESUNSHICANZHONG,ERZAIQUANGUOFANWEINEIDUIYUDAIKAIYEHEYIKAIYEGOUWUZHONGYIJILIANSUOPINPAIDESHUJUHUAYUJINGJIZHI,GENGYOULIYUZHENGFUXIANGGUANBUMENLEJIESHICHANGQINGKUANG,JISHIGUIBI,FANGFANFENGXIANYUWEIRAN。JUTIJIANYIRUXIA:


  (1)SHITISHANGYESHIXINJIJIANDEHEXINYINGYONGCHANGJING,SHUZIHUAJIANSHESHEJIDAOJICHUSHESHI,LIRUWULIANWANGSHEBEI、SHUZIHUACHUDIANDENG,JIANYIZHENGFUYINGJIADAZAIGAILINGYUDETOURU。


  (2)期货配资 GECHENGSHIRENJUNGOUWUZHONGXINMIANJICHAYIJIAODA,MIDUBUYI。JIANYIGEDIZHENGFUXIANGGUANBUMEN,YINGJIANLISHITISHANGYESHUJUKU,YOUHUASHANGQUANBUJU,YOUHUASHITISHANGYEWANGDIAN,YINDAOQIYECHAYIJINGZHENG。


五家渠炒股配资  (3)JIANYIZHENGFUBUMENYINGJIANLI、WANSHANDUISHITISHANGYEKELIU、XIAOFEIDONGTAIDEJIANCEHEYUJINGJIZHI。LIYONGSHANGYEDASHUJU,JISHIFAXIANSHICHANGJIHUIYUFENGXIAN。


  (4)MUQIAN,期货配资 JIYULIANSUOPINPAISHANGDEXIANSHANGHEXIANXIASHUJUJIANSHEQUESHI。JIANYIQUANGUOGELEIXINGYEXIEHUI、DIFANGXIEHUIJIYANJIUJIGOU,YINGGAISHENRUKAIZHANZIZHUPINPAIXITONGYANJIU。JIANGQUANGUOLIANSUOLINGSHOUPINPAI、REMENXINXINGPINPAI、GAOQIANLIQUYUPINPAI、ZHONGHUALAOZIHAO、HAIWAIPINPAIDENGNARUSHUJUJIANSHE,WANSHANJIANCEJIZHI,SHISHIQIANZHANXINGYANJIU。


  建议继续减税降费,并鼓励实体商业转型、创新


五家渠炒股配资  ZIYIQINGFASHENGYILAI,GUOJIACHIXUCHUTAIGEZHONGJIUZHUBANGFUJUCUO,RANER,YOUYUHAIWAIYIQINGDESHIKONGMANYAN,SHIDEYIQINGDUI期货配资 JINGJISHEHUIDEYINGXIANGSHIJIANCHAOCHUYUQI,DUISHITISHANGYEDAILAIDECHUANGSHANGHOUYIZHENGKAISHIYIYIFUXIAN。KAIFASHANGHEPINPAISHANGZAIJIJIZIJIUDETONGSHI,DUIYUGUOJIAXIANGGUANFUCHIZHENGCEDEXUQIUYEYUELAIYUEPOQIE。JUTIJIANYIRUXIA:


  (1)JIANYISHISHIQIYEQUANMIANJIANMIANFANGZU,BUFENHUOQUANBUJIANMIANSANXIANGSHEHUIBAOXIANDANWEIJIAOFEIBUFEN,GOUWUZHONGXINYEZHUTONGGUOZHUDONGDIAOJIANGHUOJIANMIANZUHUZUJINDEBUFENDEYIDISHUI。TONGSHI,GULIYINXINGJIANGZIJINDAIJIZHONGXIAOXINGDEXIANGMUFANGHEPINPAISHANG。


五家渠炒股配资  (2)GULISHIHEDELINGSHOUSHANG、PINPAISHANG,ZAIGONGGONGKONGJIANTONGGUOSHELIJISHI、ZHANLANDENGFANGSHICUJINXIAOSHOUJIZHANSHITUIGUANG;BINGGULI“YEJINGJI”“JIARIJINGJI”DENG,YANSHENFUWUKONGJIANHESHIJIAN。


  (3)JIANYIZHENGFUGULIZHICHISHITISHANGYEDEYEWUSHUZIHUA。GULIYUNYINGSHANGJIANSHECHANGWAIHECHANGNEISHUJU、WAJUEKEQUNHUAXIANGDENG;ZHICHISHITISHANGYEKAIZHANXIANSHANGYUNYING,JIHUOCUNLIANGKEQUN,WAJUEZENGLIANGKEQUN。


  (4)ZHENDUIQUYUXINGDEZHONGXIAOXINGGOUWUZHONGXINHUOBAIHUO,ZAI“ZUIHOUYIGONGLI”TUWEIQUSHENG,GULIQIXIANGSHEQUSHANGYEHELINLIZHONGXINDEGAIZAOHEJIANSHE。


  转自:商业地产云智库

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